Describe the sample – sample size (how many), gender, age, ethnicity and race, any other important demographic information|Homework help

Posted: January 28th, 2023

Overview

This weeks APA Style assignment requires you to read and summarize an empirical research article. The goal is to demonstrate your understanding of the research article and the research methods covered so far, while following APA Style guidelines.

Instructions

  1. Read the article “Reconstruction of Automobile Destruction” (Loftus & Palmer, 1974).
  2. Summarize the article. (See questions provided below the instructions)
    • Please organize your summary with the following headings:
      • Introduction
      •  Methods
        • Sample
        • Design
        • Measures
        • Procedures
      • Results
      • Discussion
  3. Include an APA Style Student Title Page.
  4. Include an APA Style reference page.
    • This should include a reference for the article and any other resources you use.

Please use the following template when writing your summary. It includes information on what to include and how to format it using APA style – Research_Article_Summary_Template_APAStyle.docx Download Research_Article_Summary_Template_APAStyle.docx

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This assignment should be 2 pages minimum (double-spaced), but will likely need to be more to sufficiently summarize the article.

Your assignment will pass through Turn It In, so be sure your work is your own!

You can view the rubric that will be used to grade this assignment at the bottom of the page.

 

Use the following questions to help you summarize the article. Answering these questions will help you to map out all of the information that should be included in a thorough summary.

Introduction

  • What was the researcher interested in (what was the research topic)?
  • What were the variables? How were they conceptually defined? (See Chapter 4, Psychological Measurement Links to an external site.; especially section 21. Practical Strategies for Psychological Measurement)
  • What were the researcher’s research questions and/or hypothesis?

Methods

Sample:

  • Describe the sample – sample size (how many), gender, age, ethnicity and race, any other important demographic information.
  • How were they recruited?

Design:

  • Was the research experimental or non-experimental?
  • If non-experimental:
    • Was it simply describing variable(s), or was it correlational?
  • If experimental:
    • What was the independent variable(s)? What was the dependent variable(s)?
    • Was a between-subjects or within-subjects design used?

Measures:

  • How did they operationally define their variables?
    • I.e., what measures where used? (What are they called and what do they measure?)

Procedures:

  • What did the participants have to do?

Results

  • What did the researchers find/what were the results?
    • Note: for this section, you do not need to include any statistical information. Using everyday language, explain what the main findings were.

Discussion

  • What explanations (possible reasons) does the researcher give for the results? In other words, why do they think they found what they did?
  • What were the limitations of the study?
  • What do the researchers recommend future research should do?
Running head: GUIDED IMAGERY AND PROGRESSIVE MUSCLE RELAXATION

 

2

 

 

12

 

 

 

Title Here

 

First and Last Name Here

Department of XXX, College Here

Class number here (It is Psyc 005): Name of Class here (It is Research Methods in Psychology)

Instructor name here

Date

 

Title from Title Page Here

The title is formatted using an APA style level 1 heading. It is bold and centered. The four main sections of research articles are the Introduction, Methods, Results, and Discussion and are also formatted as level 1 headings.

Using the bulleted questions below, summarize the key ideas of each section. Use compete sentences to create a paragraph/s. Delete the questions and text and enter your own content.

Introduction

By answers the questions below you will have effectively introduced the research topic.

· What was the researcher interested in (what was the research topic)?

· What were the variables? How were they  conceptually defined? (See  Chapter 4, Psychological Measurement (Links to an external site.) ; especially section 21. Practical Strategies for Psychological Measurement)

· What were the researcher’s research questions and/or hypothesis?

Methods

All information in the Methods section should pertain to who participated in the study and how the study was conducted. The Methods section is often (but not always) broken into sub-sections including Sample, Design, Measures, and Procedure. Sometimes sections are combined or different terms are used (e.g., Participants instead of Sample), so if you don’t find the specific term in the article just read to find the relevant content. For this paper, please separate information into the sub-headings noted below and format each using an APA level 2 heading – bold and left-justified.

Sample

· Describe the sample – sample size (how many), gender, age, ethnicity and race, any other important demographic information.

· How were they recruited?

Design

If the terms below are not mentioned in the article, apply your knowledge of the concepts to answer the questions.

· Was the research experimental or non-experimental?

· If non-experimental:

· Was it simply describing variable(s), or was it correlational?

· If experimental:

· What was the independent variable(s)? What was the dependent variable(s)?

· Was a between-subjects or within-subjects design used?

Measures

Think of this section as the ingredients list of a cooking recipe. What materials (e.g., questionnaires, parental observations, dental records, etc.) did the authors use to measure the variables of interest?

· How did the author/s operationally define the variables?

· i.e., what measures where used? (What are they called and what do they measure?)

Procedures

Think of this section as the “how to” part of a cooking recipe – where the chef explains when and how the ingredients are incorporated to make the dish. In the same way, summarize the steps the researcher followed to conduct the research.

· What did the participants have to do?

Results

Read the Results section completely and then re-read it to find sentences that sum up, in everyday language, the findings. These “main takeaway” sentences are often (though not always) near the end of the Results section and can help you summarize the findings for your paper. Be sure to put the information in your own words.

· What did the researchers find/what were the results?

· Note: for this section, you do not need to include any statistical information. Using everyday language, explain what the main findings were.

Discussion

The purpose of the Discussion section is for the authors to critically examine what went well and what didn’t go as planned. They also discuss conclusions that can be drawn from the research and how future research on the topic might be conducted.

· What explanations (possible reasons) does the researcher give for the results? In other words, why do they think they found what they did?

· What were the limitations of the study?

· What do the researchers recommend future research should do?

 

 

References

The Reference section is always on a new page. To “lock in” your page break, hold the keyboard Command/Control and Enter keys simultaneously. This will create a new page that will not move if you edit your document.

Using APA style, reference the article. You can find an example here: https://apastyle.apa.org/style-grammar-guidelines/references/examples/journal-article-references#1 Notice the hanging indent (like a reverse paragraph) and double spacing. Notice that the article title is sentence case and that the journal title is italicized. Pay attention to detail when creating references.

If you used any other resources, reference them as well. Follow the appropriate example using the APA site: https://apastyle.apa.org/style-grammar-guidelines/references/examples

 

SOLUTION

Reconstruction of an automobile refers to the process of rebuilding or restoring a vehicle to its original condition or to a like-new condition. This can include repairing or replacing damaged parts, repainting, and reupholstering the interior. It may also involve upgrading or adding new features to the vehicle. Reconstruction can be done for both aesthetic and functional reasons, and may be done on older or vintage vehicles as well as newer ones.

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