CHEMISTRY Bohr model vs quantum mechanical model|My homework helper

Posted: February 12th, 2023

CHEMISTRY Bohr model vs quantum mechanical model


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The Bohr model of the atom and the quantum mechanical model are two different ways of describing the behavior of electrons in an atom.

The Bohr model, proposed by Niels Bohr in 1913, was one of the first successful models of the atom. It is based on classical physics and assumes that electrons move in circular orbits around the nucleus, similar to the way that planets orbit the sun. According to the Bohr model, electrons are restricted to certain energy levels and can only jump from one energy level to another by emitting or absorbing a photon of light.

The quantum mechanical model, on the other hand, is based on the principles of quantum mechanics, which is a more accurate and sophisticated theory of physics. Unlike the Bohr model, the quantum mechanical model does not assume that electrons move in well-defined orbits around the nucleus. Instead, it treats electrons as probability waves that occupy certain regions of space called orbitals. These orbitals describe the likelihood of finding an electron in a particular region, but they do not describe the path of the electron.

In conclusion, the Bohr model provides a simple and intuitive picture of the atom, but it is limited by its reliance on classical physics and its inability to explain the behavior of electrons in complex atomic systems. The quantum mechanical model, on the other hand, is more accurate and provides a deeper understanding of the behavior of electrons in atoms.

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