Theories on Personality Development|My homework helper

Posted: February 12th, 2023

This is a good start. I like how you bring in the role of thoughts. Many adults can think back to a few powerful events (good or bad) that seemed to largely impact their thoughts or behaviors. These moments probably also shape how we respond to similar incidents throughout life. Perhaps you are extra attentive to those who seek comfort from you or you double/triple check that you have closed windows or doors. It always amazes me of how vivid those memories are so many years later. Did you come across particular events or thoughts that may impact personality?

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Theories on Personality Development

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Theories on Personality Development

Personality may be described as a characteristic approach to behaviour, thinking, and feeling. Through personality, one is able to embrace other people’s attitudes, opinions and moods during social interaction(Sigelman & Rider, 2014). In general, personality development comprises the dynamic construction and deconstruction of the integrative features which tend to differentiate a person based on their interpersonal behavioural traits (Boeree, 2006).

Psychoanalytic Theory

The psychoanalytic theory hypothesis is that the childhood experiences and the unconscious desires we encounter tend to contribute significantly to shaping an individual’s behaviour. Moreover, by having the psychoanalytic theory emerging from Freud’s theories, it identifies that the human mind comprises three major components, namely the superego, id, and ego (Boeree, 2006). Due to this, the theory affirms that to be in a position to determine the root of one’s personality, it is important to focus on their past experiences while growing up. For instance, with the psychoanalytic theory, a therapist needs to question their patients regarding their childhood memories or other related potential events they have experienced, which has contributed to the conflict between the superego and id(Sigelman & Rider, 2014). Therefore, according to psychoanalytic theory, personality development is mainly influenced by the different repressed emotions of an individual.

Trait Theory

Personality traits tend to reflect an individual’s feature patterns in feelings, thoughts and behaviour. In psychology, the trait theory often argues the idea that people’s personality tends to differ from one another based on the aspect of strength and the intensity of the common trait dimension (Boeree, 2006). The theory further categorizes personality trait features into three specific components, namely stability, consistency, and individual differences. Thus, an individual personality trait needs to be consistent across different situations in relation to their behaviour. For instance, if a student is talkative at home, he or she is likely to be talkative at school. In addition, a trait relating to an individual’s behaviour needs to be stable over an extensive period of time (Sigelman & Rider, 2014).

Social Learning Theory

The social learning theory argues that people tend to learn their social conduct through observation and imitation of others(Sigelman & Rider, 2014). This affirms that as an individual grows the various behavior encounters and other related experiences from other people contributes to the development of one’s personality.

Thus based on the different personality theories article the alteration of personality may not be appropriately achieved when an individual reaches a specific age. However, the theories affirm that when an individual is below the age of thirty his or her personality may be changed compared to individuals who are older than thirty(Boeree, 2006). In general, the personality research tends to offer support to the newspaper article by affirming that age and duration that an individual is exposed to specific behavior are the main influencers of personality change (Sigelman & Rider, 2014).

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References

Boeree, C. G. (2006). Personality Theories: Erik Erikson. http://webspace.ship.edu/cgboer/erikson.html

Sigelman, C. K., & Rider, E. A. (2014). Life-span human development. Cengage Learning.

 

SOLUTION

There are several theories of personality development that have been proposed over the years, including:

  1. Psychoanalytic theory: This theory, developed by Sigmund Freud, emphasizes the role of unconscious desires and conflicts in shaping personality. According to this theory, personality is divided into three parts: the id, the ego, and the superego. The id represents unconscious desires and instincts, while the superego represents moral and ethical standards. The ego mediates between the id and superego and helps the individual navigate the world in a socially acceptable manner.
  2. Humanistic theory: This theory, developed by Carl Rogers and Abraham Maslow, focuses on the individual’s potential for growth and self-actualization. According to this theory, people have a natural inclination towards growth and self-improvement, and personality development occurs as individuals work towards fulfilling their full potential.
  3. Trait theory: This theory emphasizes the role of personality traits, or stable dispositions, in shaping behavior. According to this theory, personality is comprised of a set of traits that remain relatively consistent throughout an individual’s lifetime.
  4. Social learning theory: This theory focuses on the role of learned behavior in shaping personality. According to this theory, personality is shaped by the reinforcement and punishment that individuals receive for their behavior.
  5. Cognitive development theory: This theory, developed by Jean Piaget, emphasizes the role of cognitive development in shaping personality. According to this theory, personality develops as individuals progress through different stages of cognitive development, and their perceptions and understanding of the world change.

In conclusion, personality is a complex and dynamic construct that is shaped by a combination of nature (genetics) and nurture (environment and experience). Understanding the different theories of personality development can provide insight into the ways in which personality is formed and how it evolves over time.

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