operations management|Course hero helper

Posted: February 13th, 2023

250 Words with 2 reputable sources CITED AND REFERENCED

250 Words with 2 reputable sources CITED AND REFERENCED

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In operations management, as in life, a balanced approach is often the best policy. One of the best examples of the benefits of this in operations management is the lean-approach. Explain the basic factors that must be in place to achieve a balanced lean system. Next, give three examples of unethical behavior involving lean operations, and state the relevant ethical principle that would be violated. Finally, contrast the push and pull methods of moving goods and materials through production systems.

SOLUTION

A balanced lean system is one that aims to eliminate waste while maintaining high quality, maximizing efficiency, and meeting customer needs. To achieve this balance, the following basic factors must be in place:

  1. Employee involvement: Employees at all levels must be trained and encouraged to identify and eliminate waste in their work processes.
  2. Continuous improvement: The system must be continually reviewed and improved to ensure that waste is being effectively eliminated and that quality, efficiency, and customer satisfaction are being maintained.
  3. Customer focus: The system must be designed to meet the needs of the customer, and customer feedback must be actively sought and used to drive improvements.

Three examples of unethical behavior involving lean operations are:

  1. Falsely reporting inventory levels to manipulate the production process: This violates the principle of honesty and integrity.
  2. Neglecting worker safety in the pursuit of efficiency: This violates the principle of fairness and respect for the well-being of others.
  3. Ignoring environmental regulations in the pursuit of efficiency: This violates the principle of responsibility to the community and the environment.

The push and pull methods of moving goods and materials through production systems refer to the way in which materials are moved through the production process. In the push method, production is driven by forecasts and schedules, and materials are pushed through the production process whether or not they are needed. In the pull method, production is driven by actual customer demand, and materials are pulled through the production process only as needed. The pull method is considered to be more flexible and responsive to changes in customer demand, while the push method is considered to be more efficient and cost-effective.

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