The Greco-Roman Period|Legit essays

Posted: February 13th, 2023

Please answer these questions in paragraph form using my included article, and outside sources. Please paraphrase instead of quotation marks. Please make it about 700 words long.

a) What were the possible causes of the decline of science and natural philosophy at the end of the Greco-Roman era?

b) Describe the process of decline of science and natural philosophy from the beginning of the Roman period to the fall of the Roman Empire.

c) How was this decline in western and eastern divisions of the Roman Empire

SOLUTION

a) The decline of science and natural philosophy at the end of the Greco-Roman era was due to several factors. Firstly, political instability and frequent wars disrupted the continuity of scientific thought and experimentation. Secondly, the decline of the Roman Empire resulted in a decrease in funding for scientific research and educational institutions. Thirdly, the rise of Christianity led to a shift in focus away from scientific pursuits, as religious beliefs and dogmas were prioritized over natural philosophy. Additionally, the destruction of libraries and the loss of written works due to warfare and natural disasters also contributed to the decline of science and natural philosophy.

b) The decline of science and natural philosophy in the Roman period started gradually, but accelerated during the decline of the Roman Empire. During the height of the empire, scientific pursuits and natural philosophy were highly valued and supported. However, as the empire declined, funding for scientific research and educational institutions decreased, leading to a decline in scientific pursuits. The destruction of libraries and the loss of written works due to warfare and natural disasters also contributed to the decline. The rise of Christianity and its influence on education and thought also played a role in the decline of science and natural philosophy, as religious beliefs and dogmas were prioritized over natural philosophy.

c) The decline of science and natural philosophy was similar in both the western and eastern divisions of the Roman Empire. However, the eastern division, which later became the Byzantine Empire, was able to maintain a higher level of scientific and philosophical pursuits due to its more stable political climate. In the western division, the decline was more severe, as the fall of the Roman Empire led to widespread destruction and a decrease in funding for scientific research and education. Nevertheless, both divisions experienced a decline in scientific and philosophical pursuits during the decline of the Roman Empire.

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