Africa (Boshongo-Bantu): Bumba’s Creation|My homework helper

Posted: February 18th, 2023

Watch/read the Lectures in module Week 5.  The analytical information from Lecture can be used for the analytical slides 2-3 in your PowerPoint.

2.  topic Africa (Boshongo-Bantu): Bumba’s Creation

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3. Use the PowerPoint Presentation model     PP Presentation Model The Flood rf22 3.pptx Download PP Presentation Model The Flood rf22 3.pptx       as your template.  All slides must be represented as shown in the template.  Every slide must be illustrated.   Only up to 3 lines of words per slide, in proper PowerPoint formatting.   Detailed directions are on the PPPresentation Model The Flood.

Cosmic Myths

Part 1: Creation Stories

Part 2: Flood Stories

Part 3: Apocalypse Stories

Part 4: The Afterlife

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Cosmic Myths Part 4: Afterlife Stories

This Photo by Unknown Author is licensed under CC BY-NC-ND

What happens when you die?

 

 

In this PowerPoint, I give you three different views of the Afterlife from a few different cultures.

Slides 3,4,5 is the Introduction to the Afterlife by mythologist scholar, David Leeming.

Slides 11 – 17 is excerpted from “Mythology” by Edith Hamilton.

 

Most information will be tested, unless otherwise noted.

 

Reincarnation

 

 

 

 

 

Part 4: Afterlife Stories INTRODUCTION excerpted from “The World of Myth” by David Leeming. Afterlife Stories, p.64

“The belief in some sort of afterlife is ubiquitous [found everywhere]. The human being finds the concept of total dissipation [the process of gradually disappearing] of self after death more difficult to accept than the notion of conscious existence after death.

 

The religious cultures that stress the struggle between god and evil in this world are the ones that divide the afterworld into areas of suffering and bliss. The Christian and Muslim concept of heaven and hell is only one example of this tendency.

 

 

 

 

Part 4: Afterlife Stories INTRODUCTION excerpted from “The World of Myth” by David Leeming. Afterlife Stories, p. 64

 

 

In the more mystical religious that stress the illusory nature of life, the afterlife may be a distinctly nonphysical realm, even a place where self loses its individual identity in a larger Self. In fact, such concepts as nirvana do not include a sense of place and are not properly thought of as myths of the afterlife, any more than is the Christian idea of the Kingdom of God. In one way or another, all afterlife myths, and even the lack of such myths, reflect cultural perceptions of this world.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Part 4: Afterlife Stories INTRODUCTION excerpted from “The World of Myth” by David Leeming. Afterlife Stories, p. 64

 

Part of the need for belief in an afterlife can probably be traced to humanity’s experience of the cycles of nature. As functioning part of the organism called Earth, we do not like to be left out. The paths of the sun and the moon, the rhythm of the tides, the menstrual process, and the seasons, all suggest a natural return of whatever is lost and lead naturally to the concept of life after death and ultimately some kind of restoration of life.

 

 

 

 

 

Part 4: Afterlife Stories INTRODUCTION excerpted from “The World of Myth” by David Leeming. Afterlife Stories, page 64.

Perhaps an even more important factor is consciousness itself…………..[…….]. It might be said that consciousness of the total life process – of life’s beginning, middle and end as a single plot – is [a being’s] defining characteristic. Without that consciousness, existence, itself – certainly our existence is threatened. That being the case, it is perhaps ultimately impossible to conceive of the permanent loss of consciousness. Even if we do not go so far as to believe in the physical restoration of our individual lives, we tend to have difficulty conceiving of life without the consciousness by which we perceive it. The afterlife is an almost inevitable result. And it should be noted that more often that not, the souls in the various underworlds – the heavens and hells of world mythology – are nearly always, in death, freed from the restrictions on knowledge of the future that are necessarily associated with the physical life – and with mortality itself. In the afterlife individual consciousness comes into its own as part of a larger consciousness that informs all things and actions.”

 

 

 

 

 

Part 4 The Afterlife, continued Egyptian Afterlife Stories (just a few of many Egyptian afterlife stories)

 

 

Osiris was a good god, loved by all. But his brother Seth was jealous. This is the story of how Osiris became the god of the underworld. See video below for the full story.

 

How to meet Osiris after death, if you’ve led a good life.

 

 

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Part 4 The Afterlife, continued Egyptian Afterlife Stories

 

 

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The Egyptian Book of the Dead is a series of magic spells to help you through the afterlife. The entire book is in PDF below.

Extra Credit: Tell which magic spell(s) is/are your favorite and why.

https://www.wm.edu/offices/auxiliary/osher/course-info/classnotes/derise.pdf

 

 

 

 

Part 4 The Afterlife, continued Egyptian Afterlife Information

 

 

 

The ancient Egyptians built the pyramids to protect the Pharaohs (rulers) in their afterlife.

 

For more information on Ancient Egypt, go to:

 

https://www.britannica.com/place/ancient-Egypt

 

 

 

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Part 4 The Afterlife, continued Ancient Greece

Persephone and Hades: Queen and King of the Underworld

 

Tartarus and Elysian Fields (Greek hell and heaven)

 

 

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Part 4 The Afterlife, continued The following 7 slides are excerpted from “Mythology”, the chapter titled The Underworld, pages 42 -46, by Edith Hamilton

 

 

 

“……….In the Iliad, it [the Underworld] lies beneath the secret places of the earth, In the Odyssey*, the way to it leads over the edge of the world acr0ss Ocean. In later poets there are various entrances to it from the earth through caverns and beside deep lakes.

Tartarus and Erebus are sometimes two divisions of the underworld, Tartarus the deeper of the two, the prison of the Sons of Earth; Erebus where the dead pass as soon as they die, Often, however, there is no distinction between the two, and either is used, especially Tartarus, as a name for the entire lower region.

[…]

In Homer the underworld is vague, a shadowy place inhabited by shadows. Nothing is real there. The ghosts’ existence, if it can be called that, is like a miserable dream.

 

* The Land of the Dead need not be pleasant; one of the earliest literary example of an after life is the one recorded in Homer’s Odyssey. The Land of the Dead that Odysseus visits is a place of darkness, sadness, and despair. Yet it is not primarily a place of punishment (Leeming, 62).

 

 

 

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Part 4 The Afterlife, continued Ancient Greece. Excerpted form The Underworld from “Mythology”, by Edith Hamilton

 

[The Roman poet ] Virgil is the only poet who give clearly the geography of the underworld, [and unlike Homer, assigns punishments or rewards, the start of a trend]:

 

The path down to it leads to where Acheron, the river of woe, pours into Cocytus, the river of lamentation. An aged boatman named Charon (Ka ron) ferries the souls of the dead across the water to the farther bank, where stands the adamantine gate* to Tartarus…….

 

Charon will receive into his boat only the souls of those upon whose lips the passage money was placed when they died and who were duly buried.

 

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*[ A generic name for a very strong metal. In popular comics, like Marvel, it is the metal of the gods. “The gates to Tartarus were fashioned by Zeus and his brothers to imprison Kronos and the other titans within. The gates are made of adamantine, a nearly unbreakable metal, and can only be opened by the hand of a mortal, insuring that no other god would release the titans….”]

 

 

 

 

 

Part 4 The Afterlife, continued Ancient Greece. Excerpted form The Underworld from “Mythology”, by Edith Hamilton

On guard before the gate sits Cerberus, the three-headed dragon-tailed dog, who permits all spirits to enter, but none to return.

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Part 4 The Afterlife, continued Ancient Greece. Excerpted form The Underworld from “Mythology”, by Edith Hamilton

On his arrival each one is brought before three judges, Rhadamanthus, Minos, and Aeacus, who pass sentence and send the wicked to everlasting torment and the good to a place of blessedness called the Elysian Fields.

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Part 4 The Afterlife, continued Ancient Greece. Excerpted form The Underworld pages 42-44 from “Mythology”, by Edith Hamilton

Three other rivers, besides Acheron and Cocytus, separatee the underworld from the world above:

Phlegethon, the river of fire;

Styx, the river of the unbreakable oath by which the gods swear;

Lethe, the river of forgetfulness.

 

Somewhere in this vast region is Hade’s [Roman: Pluto] palace, but beyond saying that it is many-gated and crowded with innumerable guests, no writer describes it.

 

Around it are wide wastes, wan and cold,

and meadows of asphodel*,

presumable strange, pallid, ghostly flowers.

We do not know anything more about it.

The poets did not care to linger in that

gloom-hidden abode.

 

*[ Asphodel Meadows is another name for the place ordinary souls go after death. Asphodel flowers are similar to Narcissus, but rather morbid as Hamilton suggests, not seen as pretty. ]

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How to download the lecture .pptx and view the videos therein:

1. Click on the word “download” or on the download icon if presented

 

2. Once the PowerPoint document is open click on

 

3. In the new window, click on

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Cosmic Myths

Part 1: Creation Stories

Part 2: Flood Stories

Part 3: Apocalypse Stories

Part 4: The Afterlife

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This Photo by Unknown Author is licensed under CC BY-NC-ND

This Photo by Unknown Author is licensed under CC BY-NC

 

 

 

 

Part 2: Cosmic Myths: Flood Stories

Flood stories are the cleansing rituals, sacrifices: often are the result of humankinds’ fall from grace

 

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Flood as cleanser and renewal is appropriate since most creation myths use water as the source of creation

 

Floods represent a rebirth or a renewal

 

Archetypal motif: the productive sacrifice

 

 

 

The Flood Myth Analysis

This Photo by Unknown Author is licensed under CC BY-SA

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Utnapishtim, in the Babylonian  Gilgamesh  epic, survivor of a mythological  flood whom Gilgamesh consults about the secret of immortality. Utnapishtim was the only man to escape death, since, having preserved human and animal life in the great boat he built, he and his wife were deified by the god  Enlil. Utnapishtim directed Gilgamesh to a plant that would renew his youth, but the hero failed to return with it to his home city. See  NoahZiusudra.

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Flood Myths Function of Myth: Sociological

Some myths use floods as a way to sweep away the evil and keep the good. Flood myths can serve as cautionary tales to make humans obey the laws of the gods

 

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Flood Myths: Functions of Myth Cosmological and Mystical

“The deluge cleanses and gives birth to new forms even as it destroys the old. It is the breaking of the eternal waters of the great mother, the destructive mother who, whether her name is Kali or Demeter, sweeps away the old life but preserves the germ of a new beginning”(Leeming 43).

 

 

 

 

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Flood Myths

Noah (Old Testament), Utnapishtim (Babylon), and Manu (India)

are the heroes of flood myths who are spared and are reborn in the womb of the Great Mother

 

Fun Fact: all three heroes built arcs

 

This Photo by Unknown Author is licensed under CC BY-SA-NC

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Flood Myths

“The flood myth, like the myths of the destroyer-mother herself, reminds us that life depends on death, that without death there can be no cycle, no birth” (43).

 

A few cultures with Flood Myths include:

Iran (Zoroastrian): Yima

Egypt: Hathor, Blood, and Beer

China: Yu

Greece/Rome: Deucalion and Pyrrha

 

 

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The Flood Myths Function of Myth: Psychological

 

In psychological terms, the flood myth, like the story of the hero’s descent into the underworld, can be seen as a metaphor for the individual’s necessary time in the dark world of the unconscious before the rebirth that is the achievement of individuation.

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Flood Myths (Psychological Function of Myth continued)

Rituals of purification by water are microcosmic versions of the Deluge:

Baptisms cleanses the sinner and the individual is reborn: As in the hero stories, the hero descends into the underworld to confront death and is reborn

 

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Flood Myths Functions of Myth

All 4 functions can be applied to the flood myths:

Mystical: gods intervene and create changes

Cosmological: after the gods destroy, new beginnings are created

Sociological: The gods are angry because the people are breaking all the laws; they must be punished

Psychological: The idea of a flood can create a rebirth or renewal for the human consciousness

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Part 3: Cosmic Myths: Apocalpyse Stories:

Apocalypse stories represent the immortality of human consciousness against the background of universal physical decay.

 

Asian + Ragnorok West The big 3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Apocalypse stories often reflect the fight between heaven and hell, reward and punishment

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Part 3: Cosmic Myths: The Apocalypse Stories

Apocalypse myths are common in human culture. People are fascinated with the idea of a catastrophic end to the world.

An apocalypse ends an old world order and allows the emergence of a new world order

 

 

 

 

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The Apocalypse

Apocalyptic

SOLUTION

Bumba’s Creation is a creation myth from the Boshongo people of the Bantu ethnic group in Central Africa. According to the myth, in the beginning, the universe was a dark, formless void. Bumba, the great and powerful god, existed in this void, and he felt a terrible pain in his stomach. He then began to vomit, and out of his vomit came the sun, the moon, and the stars.

After he had finished vomiting, Bumba felt much better. He then continued to create the earth and everything on it. He created the mountains, the rivers, and the forests. He created the animals, including the first man and woman.

However, Bumba was not satisfied with his creation. He felt that it was incomplete and that the world needed something more. He then went on to create nine different animals, each of which gave him a piece of clay. Bumba used the clay to create different types of people, each with their own unique characteristics and abilities.

Bumba then went on to teach these people various skills, such as how to hunt and how to make fire. He also taught them the importance of family, community, and respect for nature. Thus, the world was created, and it was a beautiful and harmonious place, thanks to the wisdom and guidance of Bumba, the great creator.

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