Posted: February 19th, 2023
Compare and contrast bipolar II from cyclothymic disorder with particular emphasis on how comprehensive assessment could help us to arrive at the correct diagnosis. Use at least 2 references with 5 years.
Bipolar II disorder and cyclothymic disorder are both subtypes of bipolar disorder, a mood disorder characterized by episodes of mania and depression. While they share some similarities, they also differ in significant ways.
Bipolar II disorder is characterized by at least one major depressive episode and at least one hypomanic episode. Hypomania is a milder form of mania, characterized by elevated or irritable mood, increased energy and activity, decreased need for sleep, and other symptoms that are not severe enough to cause significant impairment in social or occupational functioning or require hospitalization. Individuals with bipolar II disorder may experience periods of normal mood in between episodes, or they may have chronic depressive symptoms.
Cyclothymic disorder, on the other hand, is a milder form of bipolar disorder characterized by chronic fluctuations in mood that are less severe than those seen in bipolar II disorder. People with cyclothymic disorder experience numerous periods of hypomanic and depressive symptoms that last for at least 2 years, but these symptoms do not meet the criteria for a full-blown episode of mania or major depression.
To arrive at the correct diagnosis between bipolar II disorder and cyclothymic disorder, a comprehensive assessment that considers a range of factors is necessary. This assessment should include a detailed history of the individual’s symptoms, as well as any family history of mood disorders. A thorough physical exam and laboratory tests should also be conducted to rule out any underlying medical conditions that could be causing the symptoms.
In addition, it is essential to conduct a mental health evaluation that includes a review of the individual’s current and past symptoms, mood, and behavior, and any other mental health conditions that may be present. This assessment should also include a review of the individual’s functional impairment, social and occupational functioning, and any substance use or abuse.
In summary, a comprehensive assessment that considers the individual’s history, physical health
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