Explain the difference between stimulus-based and response-based stress, give definitions, and examples for each|Legit essays

Posted: February 20th, 2023

.Explain the difference between stimulus-based and response-based stress, give definitions, and examples for each.

2.What are the two systems involved in the physiological stress response and briefly describe how each system responds to stress.

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3.Please discuss two stress reduction techniques that are supported with research.

 

SOLUTION

  1. Stimulus-based stress refers to stress that arises from external factors, such as an event or situation. It is also known as situational stress. Response-based stress, on the other hand, refers to stress that arises from an individual’s own thoughts, feelings, and reactions to a situation. It is also known as psychological stress.

Examples of stimulus-based stress include being in a car accident, receiving a job promotion, or giving a speech in front of a large audience. Response-based stress examples include worrying about the future, feeling anxious about a social situation, or feeling guilty about a past mistake.

  1. The two systems involved in the physiological stress response are the sympathetic nervous system (SNS) and the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. The SNS responds rapidly to stress by releasing adrenaline and other stress hormones, which increase heart rate, blood pressure, and respiration. This response is often referred to as the “fight or flight” response, as it prepares the body to respond to a perceived threat.

The HPA axis, on the other hand, responds more slowly to stress. It is activated by the hypothalamus, which releases a hormone called corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH). This, in turn, triggers the pituitary gland to release adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), which stimulates the adrenal glands to release cortisol. Cortisol is a hormone that increases blood sugar levels, suppresses the immune system, and affects metabolism, among other functions.

  1. Two stress reduction techniques that are supported with research include:
  • Mindfulness meditation: This involves paying attention to the present moment, without judgment. Research has shown that regular mindfulness meditation can help reduce symptoms of anxiety and depression, improve cognitive functioning, and improve overall well-being.
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