· Explain why research might be considered unethical.|Quick homework help

Posted: February 27th, 2023

Respond to the scenario below with your thoughts, ideas, and comments. Be substantive and clear, and use research to reinforce your ideas.

Now that you have gained an understanding of Red Carpet, Leroy has asked you to join in on a preliminary meeting with the VP of HR and other members of the organization to discuss change. The meeting is important because many employees are unsure of their role in the change process. In fact, the VP of HR has not settled yet on what type of change is needed or how to start the change process. Leroy has asked you to participate in the discussion to help clarify information needed about the change process.

Review the Red Carpet scenario for this course, and with your classmates, discuss the following questions that will provide insight into the change process:

· In your opinion, what does Red Carpet need to change? Should the change be transformational, developmental, or transitional, and why?

· What employees or employee groups should be included in the change process, and why?

· What do you recommend Red Carpet do to begin the change process?




This course uses the CTU Professional Learning Model™ (CTU PLM) to teach students with

hands-on, industry-related, problem-solving experiences that model the professional

environment and encourage achievements that lead to student and employer success. The

CTU PLM is founded on the idea that students learn best by working on real-world,

professional projects related to their chosen career fields. By working this way, students

develop the expertise to apply conceptual knowledge to get effective results. Through

professional learning, students experience the complexity of real-world problems and learn to

select an appropriate approach to a problem that has more than one solution. This method of

learning is called Problem-Based Learning (PBL). PBL assumes that you will master content

while solving a meaningful problem in each assignment.

Throughout the course, you will work with a scenario in which some basic, background

information is provided about a company. (This information could apply to any company that

provides products or services of this sort in general.) You have a role in the scenario; that is,

you are part of the story. The dialogue in each assignment presents the problem that must be

solved. It is up to you to respond to the problem and submit a deliverable that will be graded.

Refer to the following scenario as you progress through the PBL process.

Problem-Based Learning (PBL) Scenario: Red Carpet LLC

Red Carpet LLC is a national hospitality and entertainment company with headquarters in

Philadelphia, PA with national operations in the US. Historically, the company has had 3

divisions: hotels, food service, and cruise lines. However, it recently completed the acquisition

of Sparkstar theaters, a movie theater company, that it is slated to become its 4th division. Red

Carpet now owns 200 hotels in 48 states, 4 brands of restaurants with 1776 locations, 4 Buoy

Bay branded cruise ships, and 300 Sparkstar theaters.

Its matrix organizational structure consists of a central HR, accounting, business

development, sales, marketing, and research and development departments located at the

headquarters in Philadelphia that serve each division. Each division is located in a different

part of the US and lead by a VP that reports to the President and CEO. The company is

privately owned by a consortium of investors and investor groups.

Red Carpet has 16,000 employees, 1000 of which work at its corporate headquarters. The

organizational culture of the headquarters is informal and organic and there are few policies

and processes that guide employee behavior. The company, as a whole, does not value HR so

employees struggle with many employee relations and employment law concerns. The

company outsources all of its training to one of the investor group companies, however this

training is commonly not customized to the needs of Red Carpet.

As a whole, Red Carpet struggles with its business to business partners and suppliers because

of its reputation for being nonnegotiable. Red Carpet would rather disrupt the quality and

availability of its only products and services rather than partner for the supply chain

resources that it needs. Likewise, Red Carpet does not hold many of the General Managers in

its hotels, restaurants, and its cruise ships accountable for performance, opting instead for a

weaker political strategy of blaming and gotcha games.

Being aware of these challenges, Red Carpet acquired Sparkstar for their strong industry

reputation and financial performance in the hopes that merging the structure and culture of

Sparkstar into Red Carpet would change the organization for the better. Historically, Red

Carpet has been a highly successful company, however in recent years, its mismanagement

has created noticeable effectives in product and service quality and its bottom line.


Hotels: Red Carpet branded hotels are mid-price semi-luxury hotels known for high quality.

Each customer is given a red velvet cupcake upon checking in. Red Carpet relies on its General

Managers to micromanage the hotel. Despite its corporate parent owning a restaurant

division, no Red Carpet hotels have restaurants. The Red Carpet division headquarters are in

Sedona AZ. Many of the hotels are in need of refurbishment.

Food Service: Chicken Heaven is a fast-food chain with a long tradition of quality, large

customer base, and 1000 locations. It is a solid overall performer for Red Carpet with high

employee satisfaction. Burger Blast is another fast-food chain recently launched to cater to

upscale customers who seek customized, gourmet-style burgers. It has 200 locations, however

General Managers are struggling with budget and supplies causing a poor customer

experience and high employee turnover. Food Park is a buffet-style restaurant with 500

locations that has been recently struggling because of high competition and poor marketing.

Delicacy is a high-end restaurant with an urban theme. It has 76 locations, is the oldest of Red

Carpet’s food service operations, and provides a unique dining experience for customers.

However, General Managers have a high turnover at Delicacy because of the grueling

schedule. The food service division is located in Burke, ID.

Cruise Ships: Buoy Bay cruise ships offer low-cost, short-term cruises from Port Canaveral, FL

only to the US Virgin Islands. Buoy Bay offers customers average quality staterooms and food

from Chicken Heaven, Burger Blast, and Food Park. However, it does not offer a non-buffet

formal dining option such as Delicacy. Although they are known for their over-the-top

entertainment, employee turnover is very high relying primary on seasonal employees who

are poorly trained. Buoy Bay has had much controversy. Just 5 years ago, the Buoy Bay cruise

ship, Garland of the Sails, hit a reef, partially sank, and had to be salvaged in a 1.5 billion

dollar operation. This resulted in a Federal investigation that is still pending. The Buoy Bay

division is located in Lapsowanne, OR.

Movie Theaters: Sparkstar theaters were recently purchased from the Vegamega group for 2.3

billion dollars. Sparkstar is the highest rated movie theater chain the US. It has high

customer and employee satisfaction, an efficient organizational structure, and solid financial

results. Sparkstar’s culture is one of high HR involvement including a strong training and

development department, Sparkstar Institute. Sparkstar has a customer rewards program that

provides a free movie rental of the film that the customer saw in the theater which has been

very popular and has increased its strong customer base. Sparkstar has its divisional

headquarters in Pasadena, CA.

The Issues

With the purchase of Sparkstar theaters, Red Carpet is hoping to redefine its operations in the

next 5 years. It sees opportunities to integrate its divisions, products, and services to better

serve its customers and employees. Here is a summary of some of the issues that Red Carpet

must address in its strategic plan:

Internal politics and communication

Improved HR and training

Employee relations issues

Federal investigations

Product and service quality

Marketing support

Performance issues

Redefining the organizational structure

Improving its organizational culture

Integrating products and services

Resource and supply chain issues

Your Role

Leroy Banks, the Director of Change management at Red Carpet is seeking an Organization

Development Consultant to address Red Carpet’s need for change. You’ve just received a

consulting contract from him to help prepare a plan to assist Red Carpet. You’re excited about

the opportunity and are motivated to work on this project. You know that your insight will

assist Red Carpet with managing organizational change

Primary Task Response: Within the Discussion Board area, write 400–600 words that respond to the following questions with your thoughts, ideas, and comments. This will be the foundation for future discussions by your classmates. Be substantive and clear, and use examples to reinforce your ideas.

Businesses often conduct research to maximize profits as well as to understand their competitive edge. There are a number of considerations when preparing and conducting research for a business – biases, reviewing credible sources, and ethical considerations. Throughout the research process it is important to recognize and remove personal biases in order to provide a balanced and thorough review. Another important consideration is to review and utilize sources that are reliable and provide objective information. It is also important to think about the ethics of your research. Being honest, respecting the integrity of data, and being objective help to ensure the credibility of research.

Utilizing the Internet, CTU Library, and your textbook, choose 1 example (or use one of those listed below) of unethical research in a  business setting, and discuss the following:

· Explain why research might be considered unethical.

· Share your research topic and explain ethical considerations when conducting your research.

Examples of unethical business research:

· Were OkCupid’s and Facebook’s Experiments Unethical ?

· Volkswagen: The Scandal Explained

You may also wish to review an example time line by clicking  here .

Research Ethics Timeline

David B. Resnik, J.D., Ph.D., Bioethicist, NIEHS/NIH

Note: This list is the author’s own interpretation of some important events in the history of research ethics and does not include every event that some people might regard as important. I am open to suggestions for additions, revisions, etc.

· 1620

Francis Bacon publishes The Novum Organon, in which he argues that scientific research should benefit humanity.

· 1632

Galileo Galilea publishes his Dialogue on Two World Systems, in which he defends a heliocentric theory of the solar system, a view that contradicted the Catholic Church’s position that the Earth does not move but that the Sun moves around it. In 1633, Galileo appeared before an inquisitor from the Catholic Church. He was forced to recant his views and was sentenced to house arrest for the remainder of his life. The Church banned his book. In 1992, 359 years after Galileo’s arrest, Pope John Paul II formally apologized for its treatment of Galileo.

· 1752

The Royal Society of London institutes peer review procedures for articles submitted to The Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. The Philosophical Transactions, the world’s first scientific journal, was first published in 1665.

· 1796

Edward Jenner inoculates eight-year-old James Phipps with fluid from a cowpox pustule to immunize him against smallpox.

· 1830

Charles Babbage publishes Reflections on the Decline of Science in England, And Some of Its Causes, in which he argues that many of his colleagues were engaging in dishonest research practices, including fabricating, cooking, trimming, and fudging data.

· 1856

Charles Darwin and Alfred Wallace publish The Origin of Species, which proposes a theory of evolution of living things by natural selection. The book generates a great deal of controversy because it proposes that human beings were not created by God (as most religions claimed) but descended from apes. Darwin collected most of the data for the theory while serving as the ship’s naturalist on the voyage of the HMS Beagle (1831-1836). He waited over twenty years to publish his ideas because he knew they would meet with strong opposition and he wanted to ensure that he could back up his claims with evidence and arguments. George Lyell urged Darwin to publish his theory after reading a paper by Alfred Wallace that proposed a theory similar to Darwin’s, so that Darwin could establish precedence. Instead, Darwin shared credit with Wallace.

· 1885

Louis Pasteur administers an experimental rabies vaccine to nine-year-old Joseph Meister without testing it on animals first.



One example of unethical research in a business setting is the Volkswagen emissions scandal, where the company installed software in their diesel vehicles to cheat emissions tests. This allowed the vehicles to emit up to 40 times the legal limit of nitrogen oxides, which are harmful pollutants that contribute to respiratory diseases and other health problems. The unethical nature of this research lies in the deliberate manipulation of data and results to deceive regulators, customers, and the public, ultimately causing harm to the environment and public health.

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