AASW Code of Ethics,|My course tutor

Posted: March 4th, 2023

PLEASE POST EACH DISCUSSION SEPARATELY Professionals in all areas from business to counseling commonly anticipate possible cultural differences with clients. At the same time, they inevitably encounter cultural differences with clients as well as with other professionals or with the views of organizations in which they work. These differences can compromise the services that clients receive unless effectively resolved.

For this discussion question, provide at least two examples from within your profession of situations in which the policies of real or fictitious organizations seem contrary to the best interests of a client due to cultural differences.

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Cultural differences are the unique patterns of beliefs, behaviors, and social institutions that vary across and within societies. They influence not only higher-order reasoning and norms, but the basic perceptual processes and communication styles. Cultural differences can be studied by comparing groups such as Canadians and Japanese, or European-Americans and Guatemalan Mayans. Understanding cultural differences can help avoid misunderstandings, stereotypes, and conflicts in diverse settings such as workplaces, schools, and communities. Learning about cultural differences can also enrich one’s own perspective and appreciation of other ways of living and thinking. Cultural differences can be measured by six dimensions, such as individualism Many cultures and sub-cultures use hand signals and other body language as non-verbal cues that mark cultural distinctiveness. vs collectivism, power distance, uncertainty avoidance, masculinity vs femininity, long-term vs short-term orientation, and indulgence vs restraint. When we walk through our cities, new strokes, colors and styles of clothing take us by surprise-those of foreigners from outside the European community, those who remain outside the Europe of their dreams and do not enjoy the citizenship rights of inhabitants of the European Union’s member states Garcia, Estela Rodriguez (2011). Cultural diversity is the quality of diverse or different cultures, as opposed to monoculture, the global monoculture, or a homogenization of cultures, akin to cultural evolution. Cultural diversity can also refer to having different cultures respect each other’s differences. Since Asia comprises many countries, with most of them having distinct cultures of their own ((e.g., China, India), a singular cultural and counseling model “Asians” may not be applicable to all Bhatt, Gira (2014). Where I work now, I experience culture differences everyday there are over 600 clients that live in the facility on both



sides of the building top level and lower level, and each client come from a different cultural. There are Asians, Hispanics, German, Hattian, European, and African American and each culture is different. Sometimes we have clients clash with each other due to the differences of their culture some cultures speak differently and others or aggressive, and there are the louder ones that speak loudly with their mouth and hands. I get many complaints from clients that share rooms want to move out of them and be placed in another room if one is available for them. Then my job is to tell them that they would have to write a grievance to their case manager for a request to move to another room. There are other encounters where the men who are on the upper level that get into fights over the television or the constant teasing each other that leads into fights and calling out each other’s culture in a disrespectful way, which is an automatic right up and a warning.

REFRENCES: Garcia, Estela Rodriguez (2011)., The Challenge of Cultural Diversity in Europe: (Re)

designing Cultural Heritages through Intercultural Dialogue Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge; Belmont Vol. 9, Iss 4, (Fall 2011): 49- 59

Bunce, John A. (2021) Cultural Diversity in Unequal Societies Sustained through cross-

cultural competence and Identity Valuation Humanities & Social Sciences Communications; London Vol. 8, Iss 1, (Dec 2021). DOI: 10.1057/s41599-021- 00916-5


Cultural Diversity is unique topic and within cultural diversity there are many ethnic groups that have there on way of dressing, talking, eating different foods, religion and so on so when we meet someone from another country, we already know that they will speak different languages and dress different then we as Americans dress, [Khan. 2022].

Culture is taught from an early age, but cultural identity is something that is developed throughout our life. When we look at the cultural diversity within the workplace it is beneficial for any organization being that there are many different thoughts that are from different people from cultures other than what we are used to and that is beneficial for everyone, [Tanner, 2020].

Culture is a way of life for people belonging to a particular group that has come together due to factors such as ethnicity, race, age, gender, or religion and within the workplace diversity entails things such as, education, disabilities, or the way people work.

Where I work there are many cultures that are within the rehabilitation facility and within these cultures there are so many rules that these men go by and will not accept a new way of solving simple problems, their way is what they believe the right way, [Dawn Cecil, 2017].



Many inmates have been in prison before and know the system while being incarcerated. These men undergo prisonization, where they adapt to and learn the customs, rules, and culture of other inmates as well as institution regulations. There are well over a thousand inmates within a facility and to prevent manipulation, correction officers and staff must always be aware that these inmates will set them up in many ways.

Within the facility we are told to listen and watch everything that goes on within the facility and at the same time give the inmate space which is contrary to the first order. We must go through a training process that teaches us how to communicate with the inmate and be firm in our decision making as well as maintaining control over any problem that arises, and in the same note were told to be respectful and help the inmate in any capacity that will afford them to remain calm.

These are examples of policy and procedures; however, the main issue is whether the prison system should focus more on rehabilitation or punishment, and this is controversial problem now. People feel that rehabilitation will reduce recidivism as to others who feel that punishment is the key to reduce recidivism. I believe that once a person is incarcerated, they will have time to reflect on what they have done and not want to be sent back to prison and this is my thought on topic, [Cornelius, 1992].


Prison in Popular Culture, https://doi.org/10.1093/acrefore/9780190264079.013.194Links to an external site. It Good to Be Different: How Diversity Impacts Judgments of Moral Behavior, https://eds.s.ebsconhost.com.eds/detail?vid=527736db-0365-4cf8-b7ac- deeb70dd1636%40redis&bdata=jkf.Links to an external site.


In the AASW Code of Ethics, Section 4.1.4 titled ‘Professional Integrity’ under (e) states: ‘Social workers will ensure that professional relationships are not exploited to gain personal, material or financial advantage’. (Weber, 2004)

In my profession as a social worker, I would note that being forced to participate in holiday celebrations would be contrary to ethical values for a culturally diverse workforce. Some cultures celebrate differently and on different days. The food they consume, as well as their traditions might differ from what the company sees as traditional. Holiday celebrations should not be required for all employees, only those that choose on their own free will to participate.

Another issue I would see as unfair would be for a physician to give certain patients information out due to their race, gender, etc. While cultural diversity is part of our society and our workplace, we must never use that as a discrimination tactic. All



information passed through a counselor’s desk should remain one hundred percent confidential at all times. This means that even if you know a family member or close friend of the client, you may never share information. Cultural diversity is necessary for the success of business; however, we must ensure that regardless of diversity all information is kept private. Regardless of personal beliefs or the welfare of ourselves or loved ones, client information should be discrete no matter what the situation.

Should any of these ethical codes be broken, I would suggest immediate termination on the employee. In no way, shape, or form should one’s integrity and personal information be compromised.

“It is inevitable to have conflict when you bring people from different cultural backgrounds together,” he says. “It’s about how you manage the conflict. A lot of times managers try to put together a multicultural workplace without trying to integrate people better.” (Chua, 2013)


Cultural diversity is indeed crucial for respecting different perspectives, ways of living, and beliefs. It can foster mutual understanding, cooperation, and tolerance among different cultural groups. Furthermore, the six dimensions of cultural differences you mentioned are commonly used in social sciences to compare and understand the variations in values, attitudes, and behaviors among different cultures. However, it is also essential to recognize that cultural differences are not fixed or absolute but rather dynamic and subject to change over time. Therefore, it is crucial to approach cultural differences with an open mind, curiosity, and willingness to learn and adapt.

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