What have researchers learned about the impact of Misinformation about covid 19 on social media |Course hero helper

Posted: March 16th, 2023



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Objective Summary: What have Researchers Learned About the Impact of Misinformation about COVID 19 on Social Media

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Objective Summary

The covid-19 pandemic inflicted fear, panic, and challenges on the global healthcare systems. Tasnim et al. (2020) worked closely with other scientists to determine the impact of misinformation on social media about the pandemic. Further, the study by Tasnim et al. (2020) further proved that the fear of the disease engineered multiple misconceptions, rumours and hoaxes about the condition. Only 57% of the information shared by healthcare organizations was accurate about the courses and containment measures for the disease (Tasnim et al., 2020). The upsurge in information about the disease made 89% of social media users post updates to warn and inform their followers on the walls. The researchers sent online questionnaires to social media users in 97 countries, and all the respondents claimed that over 90% of their contact shared information about the pandemic. However, 89% of the respondents stated that the information shared on social media was inaccurate, putting them at a higher risk (Tasnim et al., 2020). The researchers collectively analyzed the impact of the misinformation about covid-19 pandemic that was shared on social media platforms.

The research inferred that misinformation on covid-19 pandemic had a negative outcome on the containment measures. 50% of the participants were misinformed that once people were vaccinated, there was no need for social distancing (Tasnim et al., 2020). As a result, the elimination of physical distancing for protection was jeopardized. Further, the research found that 33% never went for vaccination because they needed to be more informed about how the vaccines affected people’s DNA. The fear of DNA interference made many people avoid the vaccines. Consequently, the effort to vaccinate the people was affected in the discourse. Further, the research established that e-health literacy lowered on the internet as people who ran for the media platforms for health knowledge. Tasnim et al. (2020) conducted research using online questionnaires and realized that 40% of social media users consumed inaccurate information and therefore made wrong decisions, negatively impacting healthcare outcomes.

The researchers inferred that misinformation in social media platforms hindered the delivery of healthcare services. Misformation made people make wrong decisions, such as refusing vaccines and changing their behavioural measures. The misinformation, therefore, posed a danger in maintaining the covid-10 containment measures and put numerous people’s lives at risk. The researchers concluded that people must be warned of getting healthcare information from incredible sources. People must therefore be made to pay attention to health information that does not originate from a credible source. Thus social media users must only consume healthcare information from credible sources.














Tasnim, S., Hossain, M. M., & Mazumder, H. (2020). Impact of rumours and misinformation on COVID-19 in social media. Journal of preventive medicine and public health53(3), 171-174. https://doi.org/10.3961%2Fjpmph.20.094

Comparison and Contrast: What Have Researchers Learned about the Impact of Misinformation about COVID-19 on social media?

COVID-19 on social media?

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What articles have similarities in each section below?

a. Methodology

Apuke & Omar (2021) used surveys where data was drawn from 385 social media users. Similar to Lee et al. (2023), which used systematic empirical quantitative research with a sample size of 1363 social media users.

b. Findings

The studies showed that social media platforms significantly impacted the sharing of scientific data about the covid-19 pandemic. Misinformation led to people practising wrong containment measures and being afraid of taking the vaccines because of the fears instilled by social media users. 33% of the people who rejected the vaccines were misinformed in social media that the components of the vaccines could affect their DNA, affecting their health in the long run. The research further showed that the contradicting information made the people lose a sense of direction, jeopardizing the fight against the virus. 77% of the people using social media can access different forms of information on social media platforms (Ngai et al., 2022).

In comparison, findings from Tasnim et al., (2020) indicated that 27% of respondents proved that the information was helpful and helped them to make the right choices. On the contrary, 66% of the respondents reported that the information contained misinformation and fake news that inflicted more fear on the people and increased their vulnerability to other diseases (Tasnim et al., 2020). Both studies underscored how the misinformation on social media platforms negatively impacted and jeopardized the fight against the pandemic.

c. Recommendations

Apuke & Omar (2021) and Lee et al. (2023) recommended that the managed social media platforms and ads that present healthcare information will also be shared via reasonable means. Likewise, Tasnim et al. (2020) recommended forming credible healthcare services’ social media platforms to ensure all information is shared from a credible source. Ngai et al. (2022) stated that it only takes credible sources to share vaccine information. It recommended filtering information before being released to the public domain. All the studies were keen on obtaining information before being released for public use.


1. What articles have differences in each section below?

a. Methodology

Apuke & Omar (2021) and Lee et al. (2023) used surveys for research to collect data from 385 and 1363 participants, respectively. However, Ngai et al. (2022) used a database to observe the misinformation about vaccination news and how it could be used to make better decisions. Tasnin et al. (2020), on the other hand, used qualitative data analysis to determine the outcome of social media.

b. Findings

Apuke & Omar (2021) showed that although many people were using social media, not all were affected by the misinformation, meaning that people could choose between what to believe and what to ignore from the social media platforms. However, the findings differed from the information from Ngai et al. (2022), which proved misinformation regarding vaccination information. Rumours were more easily believed among uneducated users than by educated users. Therefore, the variables proved that education level was critical in understanding misinformation and theories. The key difference in the findings was therefore made possible because of the differences in the impacts of the misinformation.

c. Recommendations

Ngai et al. (2022) recommend additional research on how the level of education affects people on social media and how they are affected by the information. The selection of variables is an essential factor in research supporting better outcomes. Research by Tasnin et al. (2020) further recommends advertisements to underscore the importance of collecting reading from authenticated and verified posts. Rumours find their way to the people to ensure better outcomes in the discourse. Apuke & Omar (2021) somewhat differed from Ngai et al. (2022) recommendation because one study focused on the importance of education, and the other underscored authentication of the data posted on social media.












Apuke, O. D., & Omar, B. (2021). Social media affordances and information abundance: Enabling fake news sharing during the COVID-19 health crisis.  Health Informatics Journal27(3), 14604582211021470. https://doi.org/10.1177/14604582211021470

Lee, S., Tandoc Jr, E. C., & Lee, E. W. (2023). Social media may hinder learning about science; social media’s role in learning about COVID-19.  Computers in Human Behavior138(1), 107487. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2022.107487

Ngai, C. S. B., Singh, R. G., & Yao, L. (2022). Impact of COVID-19 vaccine misinformation on social media virality: a content analysis of message themes and writing strategies. Journal of medical Internet research24(7), e37806. https://doi.org/10.2196/37806

Tasnim, S., Hossain, M. M., & Mazumder, H. (2020). Impact of rumours and misinformation on COVID-19 in social media. Journal of preventive medicine and public health53(3), 171-174. https://doi.org/10.3961%2Fjpmph.20.094


information on social media were exposed to inaccurate and misleading information, making it harder for them to make informed decisions about their health. In conclusion, Tasnim et al. (2020) demonstrated that misinformation about the covid-19 pandemic on social media had a detrimental impact on public health efforts and emphasized the need for reliable and accurate information dissemination.

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